Table of Contents

Recommendations room air conditioners

Download full policy recommendations for room air conditioners (pdf)


The air conditioner stock in Europe is expected to grow from 40 million units to over 130 million units by 2030. Even with the now adopted policy measures, electricity consumption by air conditioners will increase to 140 TWh annually .
BAT (Best available technology) air conditioning models consume almost 50% less energy than average products. The expected future stock in 2030 holds a saving potential of 75 TWh per year. Today's BAT are split air conditioners with a variable speed drive. A test of an efficient Chinese AC model by Topten showed that the best European models will already reach the A+++ class of the new energy label. The ecodesign measures are not ambitious enough to realise the big saving potential.

Policy recommendations in short:

1. Market monitoring:

A systematic monitoring of the market evolution on a sound data base would allow to draw concise conclusions for future revision processes of the energy label and ecodesign regulation.

2. Energy label:

The new energy label will be mandatory from January 2013. As it is expected that the top classes will already be populated, a revision should be planned now:

  • introduce one single labelling scheme for all AC types
  • set class limits guided by the BAT and keep A+ classes reserved for future developments

An effective energy label including all air conditioning types in one scale would guide consumers to the best products.

3. Ecodesign requirements:
The ecodesign regulation will also apply from 2013 (tier 1) and 2014 (tier 2). Also here a revision would allow to define more effective requirements: minimum efficiency requirements should be guided by the BAT and low-GWP refrigerants should be aimed at.

May 2012