Recommendations Coffee Machines

Download full policy recommendations for coffee machines (pdf)


According to GfK more than 18 million coffee machines are sold in Europe every year. For comfort and quality reasons there are strong trends towards espresso fully automatic machines and espresso portioned machines.
These comfort products however account for large, unnecessary energy losses especially for the permanent preheating (keeping warm). With relatively simple measures such as auto-power-down, better insulation of boilers or flow-type heaters, energy saving mode, low or zero standby, and the reduction of the thermal capacity of the heating unit the energy efficiency of coffee machines can be strongly enhanced.
If in the next years 100 million coffee machines in Europe were replaced by energy efficient models, every year up to 10'000 million kWh or about 2'000 million Euro electricity costs could be saved. Therefore for coffee machines actions with ambitious regulations such as minimum efficiency requirements and an Energy Label are a need.

Policy recommendations in short:

1. Implementation of ambitious MEPS

MEPS should comprise standby as well as other points of relevance. The requirements shall ambitiously regulate the following aspects:

  • Delay times for Auto-power-down
    • Default
      • Pressure coffee machines
        • Portioned machines: max. 15 minutes
        • All other: max. 30 minutes
      • Filter coffee machines: max. 30 minutes
    • Programmable
      • Pressure coffee machines
        • Portioned machines: max. 30 minutes
        • All other: max. 60 minutes
      • Filter coffee machines: max. 60 minutes
    Note: Many coffee machines can be programmed on 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12 and even 15 hours! (Topten-research January 2012)
  • Auto-power-down is not allowed to be deactivated by the user or any other function (pressure coffee machines and filter coffee machines).
Note: Several models offer this function (Topten-research January 2012)

  • Maximum limits for energy consumption and /or energy efficiency class according to EU energy label.
  • Declaration
    • Delay times for auto-power-down, default and programmable
    • Advice on how to shorten the delay time for auto-power-down
    • Energy saving mode (programming)

2. Introduction of an EU Energy Label: service for consumers, incentive for industry

  • For many other household appliances the EU-Energy label is a matter of course. Alike it shall become for coffee machines.
  • Even considering Auto-power-down requirements the energy consumption of "energy efficient" coffee machines still varies with factor 2. A rating of the Energy Efficiency of coffee machines makes sense and helps consumers to choose the most efficient machines.
  • In addition, a label scheme gives incentives to industry to improve their products.
  • The label shall be based on revised IEC 60661 and on the results of Round Robin Tests.

May 2012, Josephy, Bush